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Monday, February 7, 2011

Vocabulary 1062: Part One

Here are the vocabulary words. I will show out the meaning of commonly used words one-by-one.

1.Abase

–verb (used with object), a·based, a·bas·ing.
1.
to reduce or lower, as in rank, office, reputation, or estimation; humble; degrade.

2.
Archaic , to lower; put or bring down: He abased his head.

1.  humiliate, dishonor, defame, belittle. 

vb
1. to humble or belittle (oneself, etc)
2. to lower or reduce, as in rank or estimation


2.Abate

–verb (used with object)
1.
to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.; lessen; diminish: to abate a tax; to abate one's enthusiasm.

2. Law 
a.
to put an end to or suppress (a nuisance).
b.
to suspend or extinguish (an action).
c.
to annul (a writ).

3.
to deduct or subtract: to abate part of the cost.

4.
to omit: to abate all mention of names.

5.
to remove, as in stone carving, or hammer down, as in metalwork, (a portion of a surface) in order to produce a figure or pattern in low relief.

–verb (used without object)
6.
to diminish in intensity, violence, amount, etc.: The storm has abated. The pain in his shoulder finally abated.

7.
Law . to end; become null and void.


a·bat·a·ble, adjective
a·bat·er; Law . a·ba·tor, noun
un·a·bat·a·ble, adjective
un·a·bat·ing, adjective
un·a·bat·ing·ly, adverb



1.  decrease, weaken. 6.  subside.

1, 6.  increase, intensify.

3.Abdicate

[ab-di-keyt]  verb, -cat·ed, -cat·ing.
–verb (used without object)
1.
to renounce or relinquish a throne, right, power, claim, responsibility, or the like, especially in a formal manner: The aging founder of the firm decided to abdicate.
 
–verb (used with object)
2.
to give up or renounce (authority, duties, an office, etc.), especially in a voluntary, public, or formal manner: King Edward VIII of England abdicated the throne in 1936.
 

4.Aberration

[ab-uh-rey-shuhn] 
–noun
1.
the act of departing from the right, normal, or usual course.
 
2.
the act of deviating from the ordinary, usual, or normal type.
 
3.
deviation from truth or moral rectitude.
 
4.
mental irregularity or disorder, especially of a minor or temporary nature; lapse from a sound mental state.
 
5.
Astronomy . apparent displacement of a heavenly body, owing to the motion of the earth in its orbit.
 
6.
Optics . any disturbance of the rays of a pencil of light such that they can no longer be brought to a sharp focus or form a clear image.
 
7.
Photography . a defect in a camera lens or lens system, due to flaws in design, material, or construction, that can distort the image.
 
ab·er·ra·tion·al, adjective


1.  wandering; deviation, divergence. 4.  abnormality, eccentricity, illusion, delusion, hallucination.
 
5.Abet 
 
–verb (used with object), a·bet·ted, a·bet·ting.
to encourage, support, or countenance by aid or approval, usually in wrongdoing: to abet a swindler; to abet a crime.

a·bet·ment, a·bet·tal, noun
un·a·bet·ted, adjective
un·a·bet·ting, adjective


help, aid, assist; promote.

hinder, discourage.


Resources:  
http://virtualsalt.com/vocablst2.htm

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